Prepares for War in South America," from FARC publication Resistencia
25, February 2001
FOR WAR IN SOUTH AMERICA
Washington is disguising
its strategy of war against the peoples of South America with its misnamed
"Plan Colombia." In particular, it is compromising the sovereignty
and dignity of Colombia's neighboring bolivarian countries, strengthening
its expansionist plans for the domination and exploitation of the region,
limiting the presence, contribution and investment of Europe in Latin
America and the Caribbean, and narrowing Brazil's undeniable possibilities
at the head of the "Merco Sur".
The empire's geo-strategic
plan is proceeding with the unconditional support of President Pastrana's
administration, the establishment and the Colombian ruling class. They
are running around the world begging for millions of dollars in support
to pay the high costs of the misnamed "Plan Colombia", using
a pretext that has become a dangerous hook in light of the real need to
combat drug trafficking.
The secret hidden
behind the façade of the war on drugs, could not be kept for long
because of the interest and the urgency to secure sufficient resources,
with the definite tendency to openly compromise the governments and peoples
of the region in the defense of US policies.
The secret is out.
A great deal of information has been discovered about the real basis for
this calculated, Washington designed strategy of expansion, domination
and control over people, their sovereignty and dignity, and the immense
riches of South America.
The White House has
found in the "war on drugs" a formidable pretext for improving
the operational capacity of the armed forces and police against the guerrilla
movement. Meanwhile, it increases its presence with more men supplied
with sophisticated weapons and sufficient resources to take possession
of the water and biodiversity of the Amazon basin, the most important
and uncontaminated laboratory of life for future generations.
But the hegemonic
objectives of the empire collide with the political achievements of Socialist
Cuba and bolivarian Venezuela, and the growing combativeness of the Colombian
popular and guerrilla movements against the high levels of unemployment
in the villages and countryside, low wages, high taxes, corruption in
private and government institutions, domestic and foreign debt, human
rights violations, and the criminal repression and intimidation of the
revolutionary political opposition to the regime, for which the state
is undeniably responsible.
It is obvious that,
given the increasing social inequalities due to the capitalist mafias'
globalization and neo-liberal model, Colombians are ever more eager to
support the various political and social struggles unfolding in the region.
Aware of the perverse
objectives pursued by yankee policy under cover of "aid' to Colombia,
with the sophism of the "war on drugs", the FARC-EP is publicly
denouncing their manoeuvre in various venues. We are giving timely warnings
about the dangerous strategy of war to defer and block Latin American
and Caribbean unity and its struggle for freedom. It is a strategy in
which, with few exceptions, the government and ruling class - puppets
serving US interests - play the shameful role of point men. Involved up
to the neck in selling out national sovereignty, they disgracefully and
unscrupulously insult all who refuse to participate in the domestic conflict
under the umbrella of providing resources to fight drug trafficking.
Fortunately, we find
sensitivity, good sense, understanding and concern in the governments
and peoples of Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, for the foreseeable
political, economic, social, cultural and environmental effects of the
Given the unpredictable
consequences new conflicts among Colombia's neighbors might have if there
is foreign military involvement on our territory, we, the FARC-EP, turn
to popular wisdom and the patriotism inherited from the ideology of the
heroes of our independence. We are uniting minds, forces and experiences
in order to isolate and defeat the handful of puppet, despicable and adventurist
leaders interested in ingratiating themselves with the empire in the obscene
quest for personal and group privileges at the expense of the hunger,
pain, death and destruction of the poorest and most needy. This, of course,
because they are not on the battlefront.
Plan Colombia - Peace
- Human Rights
Plan Colombia begins,
sowing death and destruction in the Putumayo zone. It is an open attack
on the unarmed civilian population, with sophisticated modern weapons,
North American advisors in Colombia's army, and the intensification of
the paramilitary strategy, which massacres the population with impunity.
No where can we discern
the fulfillment of the hypocritical "demands" of Clinton's administration
with respect to human rights. What is more, it is already out in the Colombian
and Ecuadorian press that foreign mercenaries are being hired, with special
training to kill. This measure is totally unnecessary, since no foreigner,
whatever training he may have, could outdo the barbarity and the cruelty
of the assassins trained in the Colombian army. They are the paramilitary
groups and they fully fulfill this macabre task. They assassinate the
unarmed with no regard to age, gender, or condition, for the sole purpose
of creating terror, impeding the organization of communities, and avoiding
its political response and defense.
community and some Colombian sectors know Plan Colombia's propositions
well, and have identified it as a strategy for war which will not modify
the huge drug trafficking business, and will re-vitalize the financing
of the US military-industrial complex.
community has studied and questioned the plan and its military component,
and expressed its disagreement publicly at various forums. Several governments
have proposed alternatives and support for the peace process and the political
solution the domestic social and armed conflict require.
Plan Colombia includes
several million dollars aimed at strengthening the judicial structure,
and supposedly attending to the displaced and supporting human rights
projects, according to the some NGO leaders' dreams. This economic element
is interesting for some, but has generated a boom of ghost organizations
as the sounding drum for the official discourse in and outside the country,
with a rosy and unimportant outlook of what the plan will mean for human
rights. Their little voices were already sounding in Costa Rica. Hopefully
they'll think more of the country's future than of the crumbs the empire
will let fall for them at the cost of the blood of many.
The human rights
violations situation, and the violations international humanitarian law,
have not changed for decades. They are in the most serious state of decay.
The number of disappearings, selective murders, and indiscriminant massacres
rise daily, and the government doesn't flinch. In spite of international
pressure, human rights defenders are still murdered with impunity, and
their organizations are still threatened, and their files are still stolen
by public forces, and domestic displacement is still on the rise - now
over two million.
Today, popular and
human rights organizations call for the rights of three students who were
disappeared in the region of Baudó, when they went in to get to
know the Emberas tribe. They call for the lives of activists from the
organization of Relatives of the Disappeared, who were disappeared before
the very eyes of the official authorities. They call for an immediate
end to massacres across the entire national territory. They call for punishment
of the assassins of leaders of student, union and popular organizations
In the recent elections
in Mitaca, candidates for the Patriotic Union, popular organizations,
and the Communist Party were threatened. Some were killed, proving the
continued existence of the plan to exterminate the legal left, however
strong or weak it may be. Deputy candidate for the Patriotic Union Dr.
Heliodoro Durango was killed in Medellín on September 8. Claudia
Patricia Monsalve and Angel Quintana Mesa, leaders in the Association
of Relatives of the Detained and the Disappeared ASFSDDES, were disappeared
in the same city while they were looking for their disappeared relatives.
Octavio Romero, member of the National Tax and Customs Office (DIAN) union
Daniel Guerrero; candidate to the Barranquilla Council Orlando Silva;
candidate to the office of the Dean Alfredo Castro, and secretary of the
Universidad del Atlántico Luis Mesa were all killed in Barranquilla.
The secretary of the Central Unitaria de Trabajadores (CUT) union Israel
Barreiro was detained.
On the eve of the
elections for public corporations, zones of leftist influence were taken
by the army and the paramilitaries. For example, in the historically Communist
region of Sumapaz the army launched Operation Destructor II with 4,000
soldiers blocking the entrance and exit to the city. Another similar region
in the Valle del Cauca is being bombed and machine gunned from army helicopters
while and on land paramilitaries have killed more than forty and displaced
In the south, in
the department of Putumayo, since September paramilitaries have taken
La Dorada, killing several inhabitants in the process. The FARC-EP surrounded
them, so the official army came to their aid and caused more than 20 deaths.
In mid October, in
Pasto, the department of Nariño in the south, student leader Adriana
Benitez was killed while she was planning a forum against Plan Colombia.
In the Monte de María,
departments of Bolívar and Córdoba, the paramilitaries killed
In Yopal, department
of Arausa, the Offical Armed Forces dressed as paramilitaries and killed
6, displacing 1,000.
The ability to torture,
massacre, assassinate and disappear is inherent in the repressive institutions.
The country's prisons
record incredible harassment and subhuman treatment for popular fighters,
political prisoners, and fighters, who, unarmed, daily confront the threat
of murder. Their families demonstrate, calling for attention to this terrible
situation with no immediate solution.
proposal developed under the International Laws of Rights and Peoples,
and the customs for war presented by the FARC-EP to the Pastrana administration,
discussing the exchange of 500 soldiers, prisoners of war captured in
combat, have earned no response, in spite of the many alternatives presented.
The government remains inactive before the conditions its most lowly servants
Before the evidence
of survival the guerrilla has provided, after the visit of the families
of the two detained soldiers and policemen, the reactions of the government
representatives and the Catholic Church - particularly Monsignor Rubiano
Sáenz - were flippant and in bad faith. The tapes show the detained
in good physical condition, living the same as the guerrilleros; compare
this to the lack of proofs of the situation of the political prisoners
and prisoners of war in the jails of the regime.
As of April 21, 2001,
this document was also available online at http://www.farc-ep.org/pagina_ingles/Resistencia25/Index.html