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Last Updated: 1/18/08
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Honduras Country Profile


General Information

  • Capital - Tegucigalpa
  • Area - 112,090 sq. km. Honduras is the second largest country in Central America, slightly larger than Tennessee or the nation of Bulgaria. (1)
  • Climate - subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains. Average Temperature, 26°C-31°C (14)
  • Population - 6.8 million (July 2004 est.) (1)
    • Growth rate - 2% (9)
    • Approximately 55% of Hondurans live in rural areas. (19)
    • Ethnic groups - Honduras has a rich ethnic and cultural tradition with eight indigenous communities, representing 12.51% of the population. The major indigenous groups include the Lenca, Garífuna, English speaking Africans, Miskito (Zambos), Tolupán (Hicaques), Chortí, Pech, Taqahka (Sumos), and the Nahoa. (14)
  • Major languages - Spanish is the official language, indigenous languages are also spoken.
  • Major religion - Catholicism
  • Monetary unit - US$1 dollar = 18.460 Lempiras (13)
  • President - Ricardo Maduro (Nationalist, elected 11/01)
  • Type of governmental system - Democratic Constitutional Republic, with a National Congress (Congreso Nacional), and a Supreme Court of Justice (Corte Suprema de Justicia). (1)
  • Multiparty system dominated by two traditional parties - Nationalists and Liberals
  • Constitution - 11 January 1982, effective 20 January 1982; amended 1995
  • Upcoming presidential election - November 2005

Related Links:

Related Democracy and Human Rights Reports:


1 US Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook: Honduras. 2004. http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ho.html

2 US AID, Honduras: USAID Program Profile. http://www.usaid.gov/locations/latin_america_caribbean/country/program_profiles/hondurasprofile.html

3 Earth Trends. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Honduras. Earth Trends Country Profiles. 2003. http://earthtrends.wri.org/pdf_library/country_profiles/Bio_cou_340.pdf

4 Earth Trends. Forests, Grasslands, and Drylands: Honduras.Earth Trends Country Profiles. 2003. http://earthtrends.wri.org/pdf_library/country_profiles/For_cou_340.pdf

5 Freedom House Inc. Freedom in the World 2004: Country and Related Territory Reports, Honduras. 2004. http://www.freedomhouse.org/research/freeworld/2004/countryratings/honduras.htm

6 Transparency International. Corruption Perceptions Index 2004: Table 1. 2004. http://www.transparency.org/cpi/2004/cpi2004.en.html#cpi2004

7 US Department of State. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Honduras, 2003. February 25, 2004. http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2003/27903.htm

8 The World Bank Group. Honduras at a Glance. September 15, 2004. http://www.worldbank.org/cgi-bin/sendoff.cgi?page=%2Fdata%2Fcountrydata%2Faag%2Fhnd_aag.pdf

9 The United Nations. Human Development Indicators 2003: Honduras. 2003. http://www.undp.org/hdr2003/indicator/cty_f_HND.html

10 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. Recipient Aid Chart: Honduras. January 16, 2004. http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/62/27/1877785.gif

11 World Health Organization Statistical Information System. Core Health Indicators: Honduras. http://www3.who.int/whosis/country/indicators.cfm?country=hnd

12 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. State of the Worlds Forests: 2003, Annex 2, Data Tables. 2003. ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/005/y7581e/y7581e11.pdf

13 Universal Currency Converter http://www.xe.com/ucc/convert.cgi

14 Ediciones Ramsés, Honduras y el Mundo:Atlas Geográfico Actualizado, 2003 Edition. Colombia: D'Vinni Ltda, 2003.

15 Martha Evelyn González, et.al. Report: Extractive Forestry Activities in Mesoamerica. Oxfam America. March 2003.

16 William D. Sunderlin and Juan A. Rodríguez. Cattle, Broadleaf Forests and the Agricultural Modernization Law of Honduras: The Case of Olancho. Center for International Forestry Research. March 1996.

17 Michael Richards. Filippo Del Gatto and Gilberto Alcócer López. El Costo de la Tala Ilegal en Centroamérica. ¿Cuánto Están Perdiendo los Gobiernos de Honduras y Nicaragua?.

18 Perfil Ambiental de Honduras. Environmental Profile of Honduras. SECPLAN, DESFIL, and USAID. 1989.

19 INTERAIS. Directorio de Estudios Ambientales en América Central. CAITE and UICN. Turrialba, Costa Rica. 1997.

20 Patricia Madrigal Cordero and Vivienne Solís Rivera, eds. Un Encuentro Necesario: El Manejo de la Vida Silvestre y sus Regulaciones Juridicas, Análisis Centroamericano. ORCA-UICN: San José, Costa Rica. 1994.

21 World Bank Institute.Governance and Anti-Corruption in Honduras: An Input for Action Planning. World Bank Institute. January 9, 2002.

22 Douglas Payne. Perspective Series, Honduras: Update on Human Rights Conditions. INS Resource Information Center. Washington, D.C. September 2000.

23 J.F. Hornbeck. The U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA):Challenges for Sub-Regional Integration. Congressional Research Service, The Library of Congress. June 1, 2004. http://usembassy.or.cr/Cafta/crstlc.pdf

24 International Women's Rights Watch. Country Reports: Honduras. July 23, 1998. http://iwraw.igc.org/publications/countries/cescrhonduras.htm

25 Reporters without Borders. Third Annual Worldwide Press Freedom Index, Americas Index. October 26, 2004. http://www.rsf.org/IMG/pdf/Am_index_Eng_2004.pdf

26 Karin Deutsch Karlekar, ed. Freedom of the Press 2003: A Global Survey of Media Independence. Freedom House, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. 2003. http://www.freedomhouse.org/pfs2003/pfs2003.pdf

27 US Department of State. Background Note: Honduras. Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs. September, 2004. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/1922.htm

28 The World Bank Group. Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Credit to the Republic of Honduras for a Land Administration Project. January 22, 2004.http://www-wds.worldbank.org/servlet/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2004/02/09/000012009_20040209132639/Rendered/PDF/276020HN.pdf

29 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. "FEDERAL AGENTS TARGET ILLEGAL BIRD TRADE." May 29, 1998. http://www.r6.fws.gov/pressrel/98-20.htm


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